Articles Image Big

Glossary

Comprehensive Ingredient Glossary.

Browse Articles

C12-15 Alkyl Benzonate
An emollient. Gives skin a smooth, silky feel.
Caffeine
Assists in regulating sebaceous gland secretions by inhibiting 5-alpha reductase enzyme activity while scavenging free radicals. Helps constrict capillaries and reduce redness.
Calendula Officinalis Flower Extract
Derived from the flowers of golden Marigolds. Used to soothe inflammation of the skin.
Camellia Oleifera Leaf Extract
Extract from Green Tea. A powerful antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties. Helps control MMP enzymes.
Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract
Extract from either Green tea or White tea. A powerful antioxidant with anti-inflammatory properties. Helps control MMP enzymes.
Camphor
A cooling and antiseptic extract with firming and toning properties to the skin. Extracted from the bark of 50-year-old trees in China, Borneo and Japan.
Cananga Odorata Flower Oil
A natural extract obtained by distillation from the flowers of the tropical Asiatic evergreen shrub. Used to soothe skin.
Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride
An emollient that promotes penetration of ingredients into skin.
Caprylyl Glycol
An alcohol, derived from a plant which is used as an emollient.
Carbomer
Used as a thickening, suspending and stabilizing agent.
Carica Papaya Fruit Extract
A fruit grown in tropical countries, the enzyme Papain has a keratin protein digesting ability that aids in exfoliation.
Carthamus Tinctorius (Safflower) Seed Oil
Oil expressed from the flower resembling a thistle. Used for skin softening.
Cedrus Atlantica Bark Oil
Antiseptic, sedative and astringent properties. Helps to relieve itching, eczema and dermatitis.
Centaurea Cyanus Flower Extract
An anti-inflammatory extract obtained from the flowers of the plant. Very soothing and sedating to the skin. Similar in action to the essential oil of Chamomile called Azulene.
Centella Asiatica Extract
Extract from the leaves or roots of Hydrocotyl Asiatica. Listed in Indian Ayurvedic medicine to combat excessively dry skin. Particularly suited to the fragile skin around the eyes and is used as an anti-inflammatory.
Centipeda Cunninghamii Extract
Derived from the Sneezeweed plant, an excellent anti-inflammatory.
Ceteareth-20
A fatty alcohol that lubricates skin.
Cetearyl Alcohol
Emulsifier; an emollient and stabilizing agent.
Cetyl Alcohol
A lubricating emollient and emulsion stabilizer; it is waxy, crystalline and solid in form.
Cetyl Dimethicone
An emollient, protective Silicone derivative.
Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 Dimethicone
An emulsifier that allows oil-soluble ingredients to blend with water-soluble.
Chamomillia Recuitita (Matricaria) Flower Extract
Skin smoothing and anti-inflammatory flower extract.
Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Bark Powder or Extract
Fragrant extract and oil from the dried bark of cultivated trees. Excellent for treating acne.
Citric Acid
A preservative and pH adjuster.
Citrus Aurantifolia (Lime) Fruit Oil or Extract
An antiseptic essential oil that also provides a natural fragrance. Also a source of Vitamin C.
Citrus Aurantifolia Dulcis (Orange Peel) Oil
A natural fragrant essential oil excellent for use on sensitive, irritated skin.
Citrus Aurantium Amara (Bitter Orange) Flower Extract or Oil
A pale yellow volatile oil expressed from the fresh peel of a species of citrus and used as a natural fragrance.
Citrus Aurantium Dulcis (Orange) Fruit or Flower Extract
A fragrant floral extract excellent for use on sensitive, irritated skin.
Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract and Peel
A fruit extract rich in flavonoids that inhibit Tyrosinase; a natural source of Vitamin C that inhibits melanogenesis.
Citrus Medica Limonum (Lemon) Peel Extract, Oil or Fruit Extract
A natural source of Vitamin C and antioxidant bioflavonoids. Protects skin against damage from reactive ozone. Used as an anti-inflammatory.
Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Peel Oil
Soothing, sedating oil; provides toning action to skin.
Citrus Unshiu Peel Extract
Brighteners that help control melanin biosynthesis to help even out skin tone and control hyperpigmentation.
Cocamidopropyl Betaine
A gentle surfactant that cleanses the skin; leaves it soft and supple.
Cocamidopropyl PG-Dimonium Chloride Phosphate
A very mild anti-microbial.
Coco-Glucoside
Mild surfactant.
Colloidal Oatmeal
A complex fraction containing proteins, lipids, carbohydrates and beta-glucan, derived from grinding Oat Grain. Soothes skin while gently aiding in the microfoliation process.
Corallina Officinalis Extract
A calcified Red Seaweed rich in calcium and micronutrients. Promotes cellular cohesion, promoting an improved tissue architecture and firming effect to skin.
Cordyceps Sinensis ExtractCordyceps Sinensis Extract
Mushroom extracts that reduce short and long-term skin inflammation and redness.
Coriandrum Sativum (Coriander) Fruit Oil or Powder
An essential oil with stimulating/warming properties.
Corylus Avellana (Hazel) Seed Oil
Skin conditioning agent extracted from the Hazelnut tree.
Crithmum Maritimum Extract
Aids in desquamation.
Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract
A cooling, healing agent that soothes irritated skin.
Cupressus Sempervirens Oil
Essential oil derived from the Cypress Tree that is used for its aromatic properties.
Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract
Derived from an East Indian herb. Used for its antiseptic properties and fragrance.
Cyclodextrin
A carrier vehicle for essential oils and other actives.
Cyclomethicone
A Silicone skin adherent. Reinforces the barrier layer of skin.
Cyclopentasiloxane
An emollient Silicone that provides a silky, smooth feel to skin. Reinforces the barrier layer of skin.
Cymbopogon Martini Oil
Essential oil with antiseptic and soothing properties.
Cymbopogon Nardus (Citronella) Oil
Essential oil with antiseptic properties, used for fragrance.
Cymbopogon Schoenanthus Oil
Extract of Lemongrass. Used as astringent, as a component of essential oil blends and used for fragrance.
Cynara Scolymus (Artichoke) Leaf Extract
Astringent properties used in treatment of acne.