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Glossary

Comprehensive Ingredient Glossary.

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Saccharomyces Lysate (Yeast) Extract
Stimulates oxygen consumption and combats irritation; helps in tissue regeneration.
Saccharomyces/Xylinum/Black Tea Ferment
Commonly known as Kombucha. Boosts skin immune function and assists in restoring volume to deficient zones in the skin.
Saccharum Officinarum (Sugar Cane) Extract
Used in moisturizers as a skin conditioner.
Salicylic Acid
A keratolytic agent, often referred to as a beta hydroxy acid. Helps dissolve the glue-like matrix holding the Stratum Corneum cells together. An anti-inflammatory agent.
Salix Alba (Willow) Bark Extract
A natural source of Salicylic Acid, a beta hydroxy acid that exfoliates superficial skin cells leaving a smoother texture and surface.
Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil or Leaf Extract
An astringent, antiseptic oil used for its soothing and calming effects on skin.
Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Oil
An essential oil used for its aromatic properties.
Sambucus Nigra Flower Extract
Extracted from the honey-scented Elder Tree. Used for its mildly tonic properties.
Santalum Album (Sandalwood) Extract or Oil
Santalum Album (Sandalwood) Extract or Oil Antiseptic oil. Used to treat infections. Soothing and healing properties.
Saponaria Officinalis Extract
Also known as Soapwort. This extract is obtained from the European and Middle Eastern variety that has a coarse pink flower and foams like a lather. It is used as a foaming, natural cleanser for the skin.
Sarcosine
Regulates sebum production and inhibits lipase activity in bacteria.
Sclerotium Gum
A thickener.
Serenoa Sorrulata Fruit Extract
Calming extract that helps reduce skin aggravation.
Serine
An amino acid that helps balance moisture in skin.
Silanediol Salicylate
An anti-inflammatory, anti-aging compound. Soothes skin and acts as an antioxidant. Prevents and restructures anti-aging activity. Helps prevent arachidonic acid associated with inflammation.
Silica
A natural mineral from non-exploited sources whose crystalline form is used as an exfoliating scrub.
Silybum Marianum Fruit Extract or Powder
Commonly known as Milk Thistle, high in antioxidant properties that scavenge free radicals. Also has anti-inflammatory effects.
Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil
A moisturizer and emollient with excellent spreadability and lubricity properties. Rapid penetration reduces water loss.
Sodium Ascorbyl Phosphate
A Vitamin C derivative that inhibits melanin formation and stimulates collagen formation.
Sodium Benzoate
Anti-microbial preservative.
Sodium Chloride
Salt. Used as an astringent, antiseptic or a thickening agent.
Sodium Citrate
White, odorless granules or powder. Used as a preservative.
Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate
A mild cleansing agent that leaves skin with a soft after-feel
Sodium Hexametaphosphate
Also known as Graham’s Salt. Helps to keep Calcium, Magnesium, and Iron salts in solution.
Sodium Hyaluronate
The sodium salt of Hyaluronic Acid. Used as a powerful humectant. GAG (or Glycosaminoglycan) helps retain moisture levels in the tissue.
Sodium Lactate
A source of Lactic Acid, a sodium salt. See lactic acid.
Sodium Laureth Sulfate
A sodium salt. Used as a cleansing ingredient.
Sodium Lauroyl Glutamate
A mild cleansing agent that leaves skin with a soft after-feel.
Sodium Lauroyl Lactylate
A surfactant used for its foaming qualities.
Sodium PCA
Natural mineral salt used as a humectant. A component of the Natural Moisturizing Factor (NMF) in skin.
Sodium Salicylate
An anti-microbial. Source for Salicylic Acid.
Sodium Trideceth Sulfate
A sodium salt. Used as an emulsifier.
Solanum Lycopersicum (Tomato) Extract
Contains Lycopene, a carotenoid with high antioxidant properties that protects skin from free radicals, protecting cells from aging and degenerative damage.
Sorbitol
A sugar alcohol found in ripe berries, Seaweed and Algae. A humectant.
Soy Milk
Assists in stimulating production of Hyaluronic Acid in skin. Also has a protective effect against UVB light damage.
Spiraea Ulmaria Extract
Rich in Phenotic Acids that inhibit bacteria by stimulating the skins natural anti-bacterial agents. Has anti-inflammatory properties.
Spirulina Maxima Extract
Has a hydrating effect on skin. Spirulina proteins contribute to stimulation of the fibroblast and to tissue regeneration.
Squalane
Obtained from Olive Oil. Used for its rich and emollient skin moisturizing qualities.
Stearic Acid
A white, waxy, natural fatty acid. Used as a main ingredient in bar cleansers and lubricants/moisturizers.
Sucrose Cocoate
A mild cleansing agent with conditioning and moisturizing properties. Derived from vegetable oil.
Sulfur
Clears skin by eliminating bacteria associated with acne and by clearing excess oil and congestion in the follicle.
Superoxide Dismutase
A powerful scavenger enzyme for oxygen-free radicals.
Symphytum Officinale Extract
Natural plant extract that contains Allantoin. Healing and soothing.